Malone antegrade continent enema: an alternative to resection in severe defecation disorders.
Poirier M, Abcarian H, Nelson R.
Division of Colorectal Surgery, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1740 West Taylor, Room 2204, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
PURPOSE: This study was designed to evaluate patient self-reported outcome of the Malone antegrade continent enema at a single institution in patients suffering from severe defecatory disorders.
METHODS: A total of 18 patients (15 females; median age, 31 (range, 12-63) years) underwent a Malone antegrade continent enema (August 1999 to September 2004). The Malone antegrade continent enema technique has been previously described; however, in this series emphasis was placed on method appendix tunneling. Patients' charts were reviewed and follow-up telephone interviews were conducted. Indications for Malone antegrade continent enema were chronic constipation (n = 12), intractable fecal incontinence (n = 5), or both (n = 1). The underlying pathology included neurogenic (n = 2), congenital (n = 4), postsurgery-related (n = 4), irritable bowel syndrome (n = 6), and megarectum (n = 2). The appendix (n = 17) or cecum (n = 1) was used as a conduit.
RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 18.5 (range, 3-67) months. Fourteen patients (78 percent) still use the Malone antegrade continent enema routinely and report good functional outcome. Three patients (20 percent) required stoma creation as subsequent alternate treatment. A total of 10 patients experienced 12 complications: 3 perioperative (infections) and 9 postoperative Malone antegrade continent enema use/nonuse complications (4 stomal orifice strictures, 2 fecal impactions, 2 appendiceal perforations, and 1 irrigation catheter knot). No patient experienced leakage from the appendiceal stoma. During the follow-up interval, one patient underwent proctectomy for megarectum. No failures occurred in patients with congenital or neurogenic disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Malone antegrade continent enema is a reasonable option for the treatment of select patients with severe defecation disorders. Good functional patient self-reported outcome was achieved by 78 percent of patients. The social inconvenience of stoma leakage is avoided with appropriate surgical technique. Malone antegrade continent enema is one option that provides a less invasive surgical alternative than colectomy or ileostomy for severe defecation disorders.
PMID: 17115341 [Pub Med - indexed for MEDLINE